SigFox, LoRa, 2G-3G-4G, Bluetooth, Wifi, NB-IoT and LTE-M.
What is IoT?
IoT is the acronym of English for “Internet of Things” or in Spanish, “Internet of things”. In essence, an IoT is a device that allows interacting and capturing contextual information from the real world and transferring it to a cloud system, through the Internet, and all this in a transparent way for the user.
Within the digital world that we are building, IoT technologies are the main principle of interaction between the physical world and the digital world. When a system wants to capture sensory information, such as temperature, humidity or the position of an object, the associated IoT device recovers that information and sends it to the Internet to make it available to a much larger system that will be learning and even making decisions. . Sometimes the IoT itself acts as an interlocutor between the intelligent system and the user, translating the decisions made by artificial intelligence into sounds, phrases synthesized by voice, or light signals.
Within the digital revolution that we are experiencing, there is one in particular that is having a lot of interest, which is Industry 4.0. The objective of this fourth revolution is to have what are called IIoTs or Industrial IoTs that allow information to be collected from industrial machines and made available to a larger system. The objective is to be able to apply Big Data techniques, machine learning, artificial intelligence or digital twins, in order to optimize operating costs. For example, analyzing the data of the machines to make a predictive maintenance or generating a space of dithial twins to be able to enable the telework of the operators who must monitor the state of the machines in the plants.
In essence, IoT is one of the enabling technologies of the next digital revolution.